Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Physical Therapy for Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Pelvic floor dysfunction can be helped with physical therapy.

You have been referred to physical therapy for pelvic floor dysfunction. The “pelvic floor” refers to muscles that fill up the base of the pelvic bone. These muscles provide bowel, bladder and sexual function and help to provide trunk support. If these muscles get weak, lose their flexibility or lack proper coordination, the following can occur:

What is a physical therapist?

A physical therapist specializes in evaluating and treating the musculoskeletal system. A PT works with joint range of motion, muscle strength, the body’s posture and its biomechanics or the way in which the body patterns itself for movements. Some physical therapists have specialized training to apply these methods to pelvic floor dysfunction.

What is the exam like?

The physical therapist will examine your hips, back and pelvis to determine if there is a musculoskeletal imbalance. These areas of the body are connected to the pelvic floor and if there are problems, it affects pelvic floor muscle function. You will wear shorts for this exam. This exam usually takes 30-45 minutes. It may also be helpful to examine the pelvic floor itself. This is done vaginally for women and rectally for men. This exam usually takes 5 minutes.

What is treatment like?

The planning for care is a team effort including your physician, physical therapist and you. Together we can find a treatment plan that provides progress in the area of your dysfunction and independence in management of symptoms.

Is Physical Therapy Covered by Insurance?

Physical therapy services are covered by most insurance companies. We advise all patients to contact their insurance company personally to verify coverage.